The Helsinki Agreement

The Helsinki Agreement

This study examines the latest attempt to bring an end to one of Asia?s longest-running separatist conflicts. In August 2005 in Finland, representatives of the Indonesian government and the Free Aceh Movement signed an agreement which sets down the outline of a comprehensive settlement to the Aceh conflict. Until recently, this conflict had appeared close to intractable. Earlier attempts to reach a negotiated settlement between 2000 and 2003 broke down in acrimony and the Indonesian government launched a military offensive, vowing to wipe out the rebels once and for all. Why did the two parties agree to resume talks so soon after the earlier failures? And what are the chances that the peace agreement will hold this time? Written by a leading expert on the Aceh conflict, this study examines the factors that prompted the belligerents to return to the negotiating table, surveys the course of the negotiations, analyses the deal itself and identifies potential spoilers. It concludes that the Helsinki agreement represents Aceh?s best chance for peace since the separatist insurgency began almost thirty years ago. The deal is more comprehensive than earlier agreements and its monitoring provisions are more robust. There is also more good will on both sides, based partly on greater awareness that previous violent strategies had failed. Even so, there are powerful forces opposed to the deal, and backsliding or equivocation on either side could easily prompt a return to violence if implementation is not managed skillfully. This is the twentieth publication in Policy Studies, a peer-reviewed East-West Center Washington series that presents scholarly analysis of key contemporary domestic and international political, economic, and strategic issues affecting Asia in a policy relevant manner.


Author
Publisher
Release Date
ISBN
Pages 120 pages
The Helsinki Agreement
Language: en
Pages: 120
Authors: Edward Aspinall
Categories: Aceh (Indonesia)
Type: BOOK - Published: 2005 - Publisher:

This study examines the latest attempt to bring an end to one of Asia?s longest-running separatist conflicts. In August 2005 in Finland, representatives of the
Peace in Aceh
Language: en
Pages: 235
Authors: Damien Kingsbury
Categories: Law
Type: BOOK - Published: 2006 - Publisher: Equinox Publishing

Following nearly three decades of conflict and a series of failed ceasefire agreements, on 15 August 2005, the separatist Free Aceh Movement (GAM) and the Gover
Supporting Peace in Aceh
Language: en
Pages: 94
Authors: Patrick Barron
Categories: Political Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2008 - Publisher: Inst of Southeast Asian Studies

More than two and one-half years after the signing of the Helsinki Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between the Government of Indonesia and the Free Aceh Movem
The Aceh Peace Process
Language: en
Pages: 94
Authors: Edward Aspinall
Categories: Aceh (Indonesia)
Type: BOOK - Published: 2003 - Publisher: East-West Center

This paper presents a preliminary analysis of the history and dynamics of Aceh's abortive peace process conducted between the Free Aceh Movement (GAM) and the I
The Aceh Peace Process
Language: en
Pages: 8
Authors: Pieter Feith
Categories: Aceh (Indonesia)
Type: BOOK - Published: 2007 - Publisher:

An EU-led mission completed its mandate of monitoring and supporting the peace process in the Indonesian province of Aceh on December 15, 2006. This report look
Ceasefire Agreements and Peace Processes
Language: en
Pages: 230
Authors: Malin Akebo
Categories: Political Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2016-11-10 - Publisher: Routledge

This book analyses and compares ceasefire agreements as part of peace processes in intrastate armed conflicts. Research repeatedly underscores the importance of
Peace in Papua
Language: en
Pages: 35
Authors: Blair A. King
Categories: Business & Economics
Type: BOOK - Published: 2006 - Publisher: Council on Foreign Relations

In Papua (formerly Irian Jaya), the Indonesian archipelagos easternmost province, pro-independence groups have waged a long struggle against the central governm
Forging Peace in Southeast Asia
Language: en
Pages: 239
Authors: Zachary Abuza
Categories: Political Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2016-09-26 - Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

Until recently, Southeast Asia was plagued by separatist insurgencies that had simmered, seemingly intractable, for several decades. But peace processes in Indo
From the Ground Up
Language: en
Pages: 262
Authors: Patrick Daly
Categories: Political Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2012 - Publisher: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies

The tsunami that struck a dozen countries around the Indian Ocean on 26 December 2004 evoked international sympathy on a scale beyond any previous natural disas
Amnesties, Accountability, and Human Rights
Language: en
Pages: 312
Authors: Renee Jeffery
Categories: Political Science
Type: BOOK - Published: 2014-05-26 - Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

For the last thirty years, documented human rights violations have been met with an unprecedented rise in demands for accountability. This trend challenges the